Added: Shakisha Givan - Date: 01.10.2021 11:59 - Views: 26102 - Clicks: 6478
There are two main kinds of vitamin K. Vitamin K1 phylloquinone comes from plants, especially leafy green vegetables like spinach and kale. Vitamin K2 menaquinone is naturally created in the intestinal tract and works similarly to K1. Vitamin K plays an important role in coagulation, better known as blood clotting. Clotting is a process that helps prevent excessive bleeding both inside and outside the body. Your body needs vitamin K in order to produce the proteins that go to work during the clotting process.
The telltale of vitamin K deficiency is bleeding too much. Scientists also believe that vitamin K helps bones grow and stay healthy, but they continue to study that relationship. Vitamin K deficiency is rare in adults because many of the foods we eat contain adequate amounts of K1, and because the body makes K2 on its own.
Plus, the body is good at recycling its existing supply of vitamin K. However, certain conditions and some drugs can interfere with vitamin K absorption and creation, making it possible to become deficient. Vitamin K deficiency is much more common in infants. The main symptom of vitamin K deficiency is excessive bleeding.
Keep in mind that bleeding may happen in areas other than at a cut or wound site. The bleeding may also be apparent if someone:. Although vitamin K deficiency is uncommon in adults, certain people are at increased risk if they:. Learn more: What is malabsorption syndrome? Coumarin anticoagulants interfere with the production of the proteins involved in blood clotting.
Some antibiotics cause the body to produce less of its own vitamin K. Other antibiotics may cause vitamin K to become less effective in the body. Keep reading: Small bowel resection ». People at risk are generally those who:. Most likely your doctor will perform coagulation test called the prothrombin time PT test to see if a vitamin K deficiency is causing your symptoms.
This is a blood test that measures how long it takes for your blood to clot. A nurse, lab technician, or another healthcare professional trained at drawing blood will take a sample using a small needle. They will then add chemicals to the sample to see how it reacts. Blood usually takes about 11 to If the blood takes longer to clot, your doctor may determine that you are vitamin K deficient. The lab may also look at the in a different way, measuring the international normalized ratio INR. INR is based on a scale that compares of different laboratories worldwide.
A normal INR is about 0. For someone taking a blood thinner, it might be about 2 to 3. Your doctor will be looking to see if the is too high. The treatment for vitamin K is the drug phytonadione, which is vitamin K1. Most of the time doctors prescribe it as an oral medication.
A doctor or nurse might also inject it under the skin as opposed to into a vein or muscle. The dosage for adults ranges from 1 to 25 milligrams mg. Doctors will prescribe a smaller phytonadione dose for someone who is taking an anticoagulant. Typically this dosage is about 1 to 10 mg. In infants, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that newborns get a single shot of 0. A higher dose may be necessary if the mother has been taking anticoagulants or anti-seizure drugs.
If left untreated in adults, vitamin K deficiency can result in excessive bleeding and become dangerous. But in almost all cases, vitamin K deficiency is treatable. In infants where VKDB is identified and treated quickly, the outlook is good. However, if the bleeding, known as an intracranial hemorrhage , lasts too long or goes untreated, brain damage or death can occur. There is no set amount of vitamin K that you should consume each day.
But on an average day, nutritionists consider mcg adequate for men and 90 mcg adequate for women. Some foods, including leafy green vegetables, are extremely high in vitamin K and will give you all you need in one serving. People with conditions involving fat malabsorption should speak to their doctors about taking a vitamin K supplement and having their levels monitored.
The same goes for people taking warfarin and similar anticoagulants. Neurobion Forte is a popular over-the-counter supplement in several countries. Bleeding diathesis means a tendency to bleed or bruise easily. Bleeding disorders often occur when blood doesn't clot properly. Learn about common…. Find out what to do in case of hemorrhage, or bleeding.
Discover how to recognize a medical emergency, the complications, and more. Anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs are a type of medication that is used to eliminate or reduce the risk of blood clots by helping prevent or break…. Petechiae may look like a rash, but they're actually due to bleeding under the skin. These spots can be caused by serious health conditions, such as…. This can put you at…. Learn more about what a platelet aggregation is used for and how you can prepare. Find information on bleeding disorder symptoms, causes, and complications. Understanding Vitamin K Deficiency.
Medically reviewed by Debra Sullivan, Ph. Vitamin K deficiency symptoms. Vitamin K deficiency causes. Diagnosing vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K deficiency treatment. Long-term outlook for vitamin K deficiency. How to prevent vitamin K deficiency. Read this next. Neurobion Forte: Decoding the Ingredients. Medically reviewed by Dena Westphalen, Pharm.
Factor V Deficiency. Medically reviewed by Judith Marcin, M. Medically reviewed by Alana Biggers, M. Medically reviewed by Stacy Sampson, D. When to See a Doctor About Petechiae. Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. All About Thrombophilia. Medically reviewed by Karen Gill, M. Platelet Aggregation Test. Bleeding Disorders. Luo, MD.How long does vitamin k stay in your system
email: [email protected] - phone:(416) 206-9906 x 3767
Understanding Vitamin K Deficiency